I2C Registers

From 3dbrew
Jump to: navigation, search

Registers[edit]

Old3DS Name Address Width Used by
Yes I2C1_DATA 0x10161000 1 I2C bus 1 devices
Yes I2C1_CNT 0x10161001 1 I2C bus 1 devices
Yes I2C1_CNTEX 0x10161002 2 I2C bus 1 devices
Yes I2C1_SCL 0x10161004 2 I2C bus 1 devices
Yes I2C2_DATA 0x10144000 1 I2C bus 2 devices
Yes I2C2_CNT 0x10144001 1 I2C bus 2 devices
Yes I2C2_CNTEX 0x10144002 2 I2C bus 2 devices
Yes I2C2_SCL 0x10144004 2 I2C bus 2 devices
Yes I2C3_DATA 0x10148000 1 I2C bus 3 devices
Yes I2C3_CNT 0x10148001 1 I2C bus 3 devices
Yes I2C3_CNTEX 0x10148002 2 I2C bus 3 devices
Yes I2C3_SCL 0x10148004 2 I2C bus 3 devices

I2C_CNT[edit]

BIT DESCRIPTION
0 Stop (0=No, 1=Stop/last byte)
1 Start (0=No, 1=Start/first byte)
2 Pause (0=Transfer Data, 1=Pause after Error, used with/after Stop)
4 Ack Flag (0=Error, 1=Okay) (For DataRead: W, for DataWrite: R)
5 Data Direction (0=Write, 1=Read)
6 Interrupt Enable (0=Disable, 1=Enable)
7 Start/busy (0=Ready, 1=Start/busy)

I2C Devices[edit]

Device id Device bus id Device Write Address Accessible via I2C service Device description
0 1 0x4a "i2c::MCU" Power management?(same device addr as the DSi power-management)
1 1 0x7a "i2c::CAM" Camera0?(same dev-addr as DSi cam0)
2 1 0x78 "i2c::CAM" Camera1?(same dev-addr as DSi cam1)
3 2 0x4a "i2c::MCU" MCU
4 2 0x78 "i2c::CAM"  ?
5 2 0x2c "i2c::LCD"  ?
6 2 0x2e "i2c::LCD"  ?
7 2 0x40 "i2c::DEB"  ?
8 2 0x44 "i2c::DEB"  ?
9 3 0xa6 "i2c::HID" Unknown. The device table in I2C-module had the device address changed from 0xA6 to 0xD6 with 8.0.0-18.
10 3 0xd0 "i2c::HID" Gyroscope
11 3 0xd2 "i2c::HID"  ?
12 3 0xa4 "i2c::HID" DebugPad
13 3 0x9a "i2c::IR" IR
14 3 0xa0 "i2c::EEP" eeprom?
15 2 0xee "i2c::NFC" New3DS-only NFC
16 1 0x40 "i2c::QTM" New3DS-only QTM
17 3 0x54 "i2c::IR" Used by IR-module starting with 8.0.0-18, for New3DS-only HID via "ir:rst". This deviceid doesn't seem to be supported by i2c module on 8.0.0-18(actual support was later added in New3DS i2c module).

Notice: These device addresses are used for writing to the respective device, for reading bit0 must be set (see I2C protocol). Thus, the actual device address is >> 1.

Device 3[edit]

REGISTER WIDTH DESCRIPTION
0x00 1 Version high
0x01 1 Version low
0x03 8  ?
0x04 8  ?
0x05 0x4003? Danger zone - MCU firmware is uploaded here
0x08 1 3D slider position 0x9..0xFB
0x09 1 Sound volume: 0x0..0x3F.
0xB 1 Battery level: 0x0..0x40.
0xF 1 Flags: bit7-5 are read via mcu::GPU. The rest of these are read via mcu::RTC: bit4 = BatteryChargeState. bit3 = AdapterState. bit1 = ShellState.
0x10 1 Special HID status flags: bit0 = power button pressed, bit1 = power button pressed long, bit2 = home button pressed, bit3 = home button released, bit4 = wifi slider enabled, bit5 = shell got closed, bit6 = shell got opened. If nothing has changed this register is 0.
0x12 1 0x40 if volume slider position changed
0x18 8  ?
0x20 8 System power control - bit0 = power off, bit1 = reboot (unused?). bit2 = reboot (used by mcu-module and LgyBg). bit3 = used by LgyBg to power off, causes hangs in 3DS-mode. bit4 = doesn't seem to do anything, but an mcu::RTC command uses this. Other bits are unused, and seem to do nothing.
0x22 8 Used to set LCD states. bit0 = don't push to LCDs, bit1 = push to LCDs, bit2 = bottom screen backlight off, bit3 = bottom screen backlight on, bit4 = top screen backlight off, bit5 = top screen backlight on
0x23 8  ?
0x24 8 Watchdog timer. This must be set *before* the timer is triggered, otherwise the old value is used. Value zero disables the watchdog.
0x28 8 Brightness of the WiFi/Power LED
0x29 8  ?
0x2A 8 Setting bits 0-7 enables the WiFi LED
0x2B 8 Camera LED, setting bit 0 makes the LED blink, setting bit 1 makes the LED stay on
0x2C 8 Setting bits 0-7 turns on the 3D LED on the original 3ds
0x2D 0x64 This is used for controlling the notification LED(see MCURTC:SetInfoLEDPatternHeader as well), when this register is written.
0x2E 1 This returns the notification LED status when read.
0x30 8 RTC time (system clock). 7 bytes are read from this. The upper nibble of each byte encodes 10s (BCD), so each byte is post-processed with (byte & 0xF) + (10 * (byte >> 4)). Byte 0 encodes seconds, byte 1 minutes, byte 2 hours, byte *4* days, byte 5 months and byte 6 years (byte 3 is unused?)
0x31 8  ?
0x32 8  ?
0x33 8  ?
0x34 8  ?
0x35 8  ?
0x36 8  ?
0x37 8  ?
0x38 8  ?
0x39 8  ?
0x3A 8  ?
0x3B 8  ?
0x3C 8  ?
0x41 8  ?
0x43 8  ?
0x4E 8  ?
0x50 8  ?
0x51 8  ?
0x58 8  ?
0x60 8 Offset in u8 array accessed via address 0x61 (written before any read/write below)
0x61 0x100 Reads/writes to an MCU u8 array, repeats after 0x100 bytes? The first byte is used to store flags for managing FIRM/NS state - bit0 = "WirelessDisabled", bit1 = "SoftwareClosed", bit2 = "PowerOffInitiated", bit4 = "LegacyJumpProhibited". This register survives power-off, but does not seem to be saved to non-volatile storage (does not survive battery pulls). This register doesn't seem to actually control MCU behaviour by itself, it just seems to be used for storing arbitrary data.

Device 5 & 6[edit]

LCD controllers for main/sub displays, most likely.

Register Width Name Description
0x1 8  ?
0x11 8  ?
0x40 8 CMD_IN/CMD_RESULT1 Write to trigger a command? Seen commands: 0xFF=Reset?, 0x62=IsFinished?. Result is stored in CMD_RESULT1:CMD_RESULT0.
0x41 8 CMD_RESULT0 Read result
0x50 8  ?
0x60 8  ?
0xFE 8  ?

Device 10[edit]

See the datasheet linked to on the Hardware page for reference.

Device 12[edit]

REGISTER WIDTH DESCRIPTION
0x0 21 DebugPad state.

This is the DebugPad device, see here.

Device 13[edit]

Raw I2C register address Internal register address Width Description
0x0 0x0 0x40 RHR / THR (data receive/send FIFO)
0x8 0x1 0x1 IER
0x10 0x2 0x1 FCR/IIR
0x18 0x3 0x1 LCR
0x20 0x4 0x1 MCR
0x28 0x5 0x1 LSR
0x30 0x6 0x1 MSR/TCR
0x38 0x7 0x1 SPR/TLR
0x40 0x8 0x1 TXLVL
0x48 0x9 0x1 RXLVL
0x50 0xA 0x1 IODir
0x58 0xB 0x1 IOState
0x60 0xC 0x1 IoIntEna
0x68 0xD 0x1 reserved
0x70 0xE 0x1 IOControl
0x78 0xF 0x1 EFCR

See the datasheet linked to on the Hardware page for reference. From that datasheet, for the structure of the I2C register address u8: "Bit 0 is not used, bits 2:1 select the channel, bits 6:3 select one of the UART internal registers. Bit 7 is not used with the I2C-bus interface, but it is used by the SPI interface to indicate a read or a write operation."

Device 15[edit]

This the New3DS NFC controller "I2C" interface. This device is accessed via the WriteDeviceRaw/ReadDeviceRaw I2C service commands.

Since the *Raw commands are used with this, this device has no I2C registers. Instead, raw data is transfered after the I2C device is selected. Hence, WriteDeviceRaw is used for sending commands to the controller, while ReadDeviceRaw is for receiving responses from the controller. Certain commands may return multiple command responses.

Command request / response structure:

Offset Size Description
0x0 0x1 Normally 0x10?
0x1 0x1 Command source / destination.
0x2 0x1 CmdID
0x3 0x1 Payload size.

Following the above header is the payload data(when payload size is non-zero), with the size specified in the header. The command response payload is usually at least 1-byte, where that byte appears to be normally 0x0. For command requests the payload data is the command parameters.

For command requests sent to the NFC tag itself, Cmd[1]=0x0 and CmdID=0x0. The command request payload data here is the actual command request data for the NFC tag, starting with the CmdID u8 at payload+0.

During NFC module startup, a certain command is sent to the controller which eventually(after various cmd-reply headers etc) returns the following the payload after the first byte in the payload:

000000: 44 65 63 20 32 32 20 32 30 31 32 31 34 3a 35 33  Dec 22 201214:53 
000010: 3a 35 30 01 05 0d 46 05 1b 79 20 07 32 30 37 39  :50...F..y .2079
000020: 31 42 35                                         1B5

Or that is: "Dec 22 201214:53:50<binary>20791B5". Therefore, this appears to return the part-number of the NFC controller(other command request(s) / response(s) use this part-number value too).

NFC controller commands[edit]

CmdRequest[1] CmdID Payload data for parameters Description
0x2E 0x2F Firmware image for this chunk, size varies. This is used during NFC module startup to upload the firmware image to the NFC controller. This is used repeatedly to upload multiple chunks of the image.