This region (0x10012000-0x10012100) is used as persistent storage on SoC and for passing the TWL console ID around (0x10012100-0x10012108).
Console-unique keys are derived from here. Access to this region is disabled once the ARM9 writes 0x2 to REG_SYSPROT9.
This is the console-unique data store, including CTCert etc, that ends up in ITCM at 0x01FFB800. After decryption, the first 0x90-bytes of plaintext are copied to 0x01FFB800 if hash verification passes. Refer to Memory_layout#ARM9_ITCM for what is contained in the decrypted OTP.
On FIRM versions prior to 3.0.0-X, this region was left unprotected. On versions since 3.0.0-X, this has been fixed, and the region disable is now done by Kernel9 after doing console-unique TWL keyinit, by setting bit 1 of REG_SYSPROT9. However, with the New_3DS FIRM ARM9 binary this is now done in the FIRM ARM9 binary loader, which also uses the 0x10012000 region for New 3DS key generation.
On development units (UNITINFO != 0) ARM9 uses the first 8-bytes from 0x10012000 for the TWL Console ID. This region doesn't seem to be used by NATIVE_FIRM on retail at all, besides New3DS key-generation in the ARM9-loader.
Normally Boot9 will pass plaintext_otp+0x90 to the AES keyinit function, but when hash verification fails it will pass 0x10012000(otp+0) instead.
|0x0||0x100||Console-unique data encrypted with AES-CBC. The normalkey and IV are stored in Boot9(retail/devunit have seperate normalkey+IV for this). The last 0x20-bytes of plaintext are a SHA256 hash over the first 0xE0-bytes of plaintext.|
|0x100||0x8||Before writing REG_SYSPROT9 bit1, the ARM9 copies the 8-byte TWL Console ID here. This sets the registers at 0x4004D00 for ARM7.|
|0x0||0x90||Copied into ITCM. The encrypted version of this is what New3DS-arm9loader hashes for key-generation.|
|0x0||0x4||This is always 0xDEADB00F.|
|0x4||0x4||This is the u32 DeviceId.|
|0x8||0x10||This is the fall-back keyY used for movable.sed keyY when movable.sed doesn't exist in NAND(the last two words here are used on retail for generating console-unique TWL keydata/etc). This is also used for "LocalFriendCodeSeed", etc.|
|0x19||0x1||This is the CTCert issuer type: 0 = retail "Nintendo CA - G3_NintendoCTR2prod", non-zero = dev "Nintendo CA - G3_NintendoCTR2dev".|
|0x1A||0x6||Manufacturing date (of the SoC?). Usually month(s) before the dates in the logs stored in TWLNAND. Each byte is one field: year, month, day, hour, minute, second. Year is encoded as year-1900 so that it fits in one byte.|
|0x20||0x4||This is the CTCert ECDSA exponent, this is byte-swapped when plaintext_otp+0x18 is >=5.|
|0x26||0x1E||This is the CTCert ECDSA privk.|
|0x44||0x3C||This is the CTCert ECDSA signature.|
|0x80||0x10||This is all-zero.|
|0x90||0x70||Used by Boot9 for generating the console-unique AES keyXs. However, due to a bug(?) in Boot9, only the first 0x1C-bytes here actually affect console-unique key generation. The rest of the data is used for hashing, but that output hash only gets overwritten without being used afterwards.
Note that the size passed to the Boot9 keyinit code for console-unique-buffer-size is 0x70, hence this includes the below OTP hash.
|0xE0||0x20||SHA256 hash over the previous 0xE0-bytes.|